1970s Pop Culture
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During this place and time, the fuel for student political activism was high with the Third World Liberation Front social movement happening at San Francisco State College and at UC Berkeley, both fighting for the establishment of an Ethnic Studies Department. Hence, the Bay Area was a well of political activism at the time. From the black communities population went from 44,,, which made the living situation very overcrowded.
When they realized, the promises made to them as far as them working and their living situations improving was not happening like promised, they began moving into the white communities. Which would intelled more competition in the workforce. This outraged the whites and they reunited the Klu Klux Klan to begin violent acts towards the blacks. In there were a total of 64 lynchings and in there were a total of 83 lynchings. Those people moved to the city, where yet again they found themselves out of employment due to the Industrial Revolution making things more efficient. With no other method to support themselves, the farmers turned to crime to make a living. Although there were over crimes that were punishable by death, including impersonating an Egyptian Convict Creations N.
D , many of those were not carried out, instead the criminals being banished to America. As a result of this, when the British lost the U. When the British were in desperate need of a colony where it could send its prisoners, Captain Cook found fertile land and foreign plants on the east coast of Terra Australis Incognito in ADB N. A, Olsen talks about the discrimination of each pure race and how they were treated poorly.
IPL s Pop Culture. Disco Music during the s Pop culture during the s originated as a consequence of the historical context of the era. The official end of the Vietnam War, the Watergate scandal, and the Bicentennial of the United States all occurred during this decade. As a result, a variety of social groups such as women, gays and lesbians, as well as racial and ethnic minorities confronted the American conservative ideals that had governed American society since the end of World War II.
Conservative white Americans reacted to the civil rights gains that took place in the s and moved to the suburbs of the city, leading to city deterioration. Martial arts film reached the peak of its popularity largely in part due to its greatest icon, Bruce Lee. During the s, Hollywood continued the New Hollywood revolution of the lates with young film-makers. Top-grossing Jaws ushered in the blockbuster era of filmmaking, though it was eclipsed two years later by the science-fiction film Star Wars Saturday Night Fever single-handedly touched off disco mania in the U.
The Godfather was also one of the decade's greatest successes and its first follow-up, The Godfather Part II was also successful for a sequel. The Rocky Horror Picture Show flopped in its debut, only to reappear as a more-popular midnight show later in the decade. Still in limited release decades after its premiere, it is the longest-running theatrical release in film history. The Exorcist was a box office success for the horror genre, inspiring many other so-called "devil Satan " films like The Omen and both of their own sequels.
All That Jazz gained high critical praise, winning four Oscars and several other awards. It was an inductee of the National Film Registry list. In the United Kingdom, colour channels were now available; three stations had begun broadcasting in colour between and However, many viewers continued to watch black-and-white television sets for most of the decade, which meant for example that televised snooker in which the colour of balls is important did not reach the heights of its popularity until the s.
Notable dramas included Play for Today and Pennies from Heaven. The science fiction show Doctor Who reached its peak. Many popular British situation comedies sit-coms were gentle, unchallenging comedies of middle-class life; typical examples were Terry and June and Sykes. However, the middle-class settings of The Good Life and The Fall and Rise of Reginald Perrin contrasted with their anti-establishment theme of people rejecting traditional social norms. The television information retrieval service Teletext was initially introduced when the BBC Ceefax system went live on 23 September In the late s, BBC2's unveiled a new identity, a twin-striped "2", which was the first electronically generated symbol and scrolled on and off the screen.
As the s began, the Big Three TV networks were rapidly re-engineering their lineups, noting that existing programs were not attracting the youth audience. Most existing programs still operated on paradigms established in the s, and some shows had literally been on the air since the dawn of TV broadcasting in the late s and early s. Shows that had low ratings or insufficient youth appeal were cancelled as networks scrambled to attract the large baby boomer audience.
This particular trend was known as the rural purge. Television was transformed by what became termed as "social consciousness" programming, such as All in the Family and Soap , which broke down television barriers. Many advertising trends of the s also reflected this growing social consciousness trend, such as with Coca-Cola's "Give the World a Coke" and McDonalds "You Deserve a Break" campaigns. The women's movement ushered in a slew of programming featuring strong, independent females as central characters.
Most notable was The Mary Tyler Moore Show , which spawned the successful spin-offs Rhoda and Phyllis , and also resulted in Mary Tyler Moore becoming the first female to head a television production company of her own, MTM Enterprises , which churned out groundbreaking programming in the late s throughout the s. Minority-centric television programming also featured prominently during the s. The television western , which had been very popular in the s and s, all but died out during the s, with Bonanza , The Virginian , and Gunsmoke ending their runs. Replacing westerns were police and detective shows, a trend that would last through the s.
Television still had its medical shows of the s, however, Emergency! Marcus Welby, M. By the mid-to-late s, " jiggle television "—programs oriented toward sexual gratification and bawdy humor and situations such as Charlie's Angels , The Love Boat , and Three's Company —became popular. Soap operas expanded their audiences beyond housewives with the rise of All My Children , As the World Turns , Somerset , and The Young and the Restless ; with many extending their episodes from 30 minutes to an hour. The soap Another World began a month experiment in March by screening minute episodes, the only serial to do so.
The height of Match Game ' s popularity occurred between and , before it was overtaken by Family Feud in Another influential genre was the television newscast, which built on its initial widespread success in the s. The science fiction phenomenon of the late s that began with Star Wars went to television with shows such as Battlestar Galactica. Variety shows, a staple of TV programming since the beginning, were also re-engineered to appeal to young viewers. The Carol Burnett Show also ended its historic year run in In the end, rising production costs largely did in variety shows. As cable television became more affordable and accessible by U. HBO launched on November 8, , becoming the nation's first pay-television channel.
On September 30, , HBO became the first television network to continuously deliver signals via satellite when it showed the " Thrilla in Manila " boxing-match between Muhammad Ali and Joe Frazier. Star Channel launched their service offerings nationally in through the delivery of movies on video tapes for cable providers to broadcast. This proved problematic since the videotapes were often riddled with technical difficulties.
Star Channel eventually was linked up to satellite in January Shortly after, Warner Communications acquired the channel and relaunched it on December 1, , in its current form as The Movie Channel. Media giant Viacom launched their premium service, Showtime , nationally on July 1, , after a brief, wildly successful test launch on their cable system in Dublin, California. In , Australian TV tests color transmissions full-time color comes in South Africa saw nationwide television service for the first time on January 5, , although limited-view, locally available television began on May 5, The Oakland Athletics three-peated at the World Series in — Steelers were led by Terry Bradshaw and Chuck Noll , and the Cowboys were led by Roger Staubach and Tom Landry , while the Miami Dolphins became the only team in NFL history to go "all the way," winning the Super Bowl with an undefeated record —a feat that remains unmatched to this day.
As numbers of young people became alienated from social norms, they resisted and looked for alternatives. They would form what would become known as the counterculture. The forms of escape and resistance would manifest in many ways including social activism, alternative lifestyles, experimental living through foods, dress, music and alternative recreational activities, including that of throwing a frisbee. Fiction in the early '70s brought a return to old-fashioned storytelling, especially with Erich Segal 's Love Story.
The seventies also saw the decline of previously well-respected writers, such as Saul Bellow and Peter De Vries , who both released poorly received novels at the start of the decade. Racism remained a key literary subject. John Updike emerged as a major literary figure. Reflections of the s experience also found roots in the literature of the decade through the works of Joyce Carol Oates and Wright Morris. With the rising cost of hard-cover books and the increasing readership of " genre fiction ", the paperback became a popular medium. Criminal non-fiction also became a popular topic.
Irreverence and satire, typified in Kurt Vonnegut 's Breakfast of Champions , were common literary elements. The horror genre also emerged, and by the late s Stephen King had become one of the most popular genre novelists. The postmodern author Thomas Pynchon published his most famous work, Gravity's Rainbow , in In non-fiction, several books related to Nixon and the Watergate scandal topped the best-selling lists.
Architecture in the s began as a continuation of styles created by such architects as Frank Lloyd Wright and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. Early in the decade, several architects competed to build the tallest building in the world. The decade also brought experimentation in geometric design, pop-art , postmodernism , and early deconstructivism. Design trends in the s were marked by a backlash against the bright colors and futurism of the s and s and a rise in popularity of dark, earthy tones with extensive use of brown, green, purple, and orange. Wood decor and paneling was integral to s interior design as well, replacing the obsession of the s and s with chrome and aluminum.
Darker colors not only reflected the back-to-nature mindset of the decade, but the sluggish world economy with its lowered optimism and expectations for the future. The building's use of open spaces and groundbreaking geometry brought rare attention to the small South Asian country. Hugh Stubbins 's Citicorp Center revolutionized the incorporation of solar panels in office buildings.
The seventies brought further experimentation in glass and steel construction and geometric design. Chinese architect I. In , the completed CN Tower in Toronto became the world's tallest free-standing structure on land, an honor it held until The fact that no taller tower had been built between the construction of the CN Tower and the Burj Khalifa shows how innovative the architecture and engineering of the structure truly was.
Modern architecture was increasingly criticized as the decade went on from the point of view of postmodern architects, such as Philip Johnson , Charles Moore, and Michael Graves , who advocated a return to pre-modern styles of architecture and the incorporation of pop elements as a means of communicating with a broader public. Other architects, such as Peter Eisenman of the New York Five , advocated the pursuit of form for the sake of form and drew on semiotics theory for support. As the decade drew to a close, Frank Gehry broke out in new direction with his own house in Santa Monica, a highly complex structure, half excavated out of an existing bungalow and half cheaply built construction using materials such as chicken wire fencing.
In , electrical workers in Mexico City found the remains of the Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlan in the middle of the city. Clothing styles during the s were influenced by outfits seen in popular music groups and in Hollywood films. Much of the s fashion styles were influenced by the hippie movement. As well as the hippie look, the 70s also gave way to glam rock styles, started off by David Bowie who is named the King of Glam Rock.
Glam was a genderbent and outlandish style. Bell-bottomed pants were especially popular throughout the decade. The Farrah Fawcett hairstyle was considered particularly fashionable during the decade. Lava lamps were especially popular during the decade. The following articles contain brief timelines which list the most prominent events of the decade:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For decades comprising years 70—79 of other centuries, see List of decades. Decade of the Gregorian calendar — Births Deaths By country By topic. Establishments Disestablishments. Further information: — recession. Main article: s in science and technology. Atari , launched in Honda Civic sold well throughout the decade.
Main article: Sexual Revolution. Main article: Second-wave feminism. Main article: Youth suffrage. Main article: s in music. Main article: s in film. Main article: s in television. Main article: s in video games. Main article: s in sports. Main article: s in literature. The World Trade Center towers were the world's tallest buildings from to The Sears Tower became the world's tallest building when completed in Main article: s in fashion. Sylvester Stallone. Robert De Niro. John Travolta. Jack Nicholson. Romero Sydney Pollack Alan J. King Ben E. Stevie Wonder , David Bowie , Elton John , The Rolling Stones , Delany Philip K. Dick James Dickey E. Martin James A. ISBN Facts and Details. Archived from the original on Retrieved The History of Modern Egypt Fourth ed.
Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University. This has nothing to do with Mr. Carter's foreign or domestic policies. Far more important, in terms of culture is his public performance: a sense he has already communicated that there is much room for novelty and invention in all areas of American life. People are reading Carter's signs, and they have outstripped the limits he himself might want to place on the meaning of these sings. This process will continue.
But if there is room in our minds for the menace of Coppola's vision of America right along with the sense of efficacy Carter has inaugurated, we may have something quite extraordinary to look forward to. View on timesmachine. TimesMachine is an exclusive benefit for home delivery and digital subscribers. To preserve these articles as they originally appeared, The Times does not alter, edit or update them.